Education in India has evolved from Gurukul to Classroom, from blackboard to whiteboard, from chalk-duster to marker pens, and now projector and online classes. Education and the mode of education have evolved, even the teachers have evolved. The transformation is not only prevalent but is growing rapidly.
Right now, India is facing various teaching-related concerns such as outmoded teaching methods, shortage of qualified teachers, highly disproportionate student-teacher ratio, and inadequate teaching materials that affect the quality of education. Digital platforms like ByJU’s, Khan Academy, NPTEL, and Unacademy have gained massive popularity and students are preferring these platforms more than classroom study because they eradicate the above-mentioned concerns of teaching.
How and why digital education is becoming important?
According to a report in Forbes India, India is home to 430 million children in the age group of 0-18 years. The ratio of rural-urban enrolment in schools is a massive 7:5, nearly 60 percent of students in rural areas, up to the age of 10, lack basic reading skills. For 430 million children, India has only around 1.1 million schools in which 97K+ schools are single teacher school. Furthermore, there are 900 universities and 40,000 colleges for higher education in India where the enrolment percentage is only 25%. More than 60% of students (below age 10) are dropping out from schools midway.
So, the reason for the boom of digital education in India is this massive gap between students and educators. Also, the overall Student-teacher ratio of India for primary schools is 23:1 in which UP and Bihar have the ratio around 60:1 which is much more than standard.
Digital education can mitigate these concerns by improving the quality of education. By using digital education delivery (like online classrooms), the student-teacher gap can be reduced. It provides more interactive ways of learning, students get more engaged in what is taught and they also enjoy digital learning more than the traditional ways of learning.
Not only does the digital transformation in education has improved the quality and reachability of education but the digital revolution in education also helped educational institutes in managing their day-to-day tasks. Student Information Systems can help educators to focus their energy on teaching. It can manage all the administrative operation of institutes.
If executed well, digital transformation in education is the best possible way to educate every single child in the country. Government has come up with many such initiatives as SWAYAM, PRATHAM- LEARN OUT OF THE BOX, etc. but still it is a long way to go. Government’s digital India initiative has made internet available to remote areas but proper training and right use with the help of tech giants will make this initiative fruitful.